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Background: Pharmacists have acknowledged roles as medicine experts facilitating human healthcare, such expertise is also essential in pharmaceutical treatments of animals. In view of current realities with the COVID-19 pandemic, the interplay between human and animal health cannot be overemphasized. This study aimed at assessing the knowledge, attitude, and perception of study participants on veterinary pharmacy practice.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out among fifinal year students of the Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Ibadan. Asemi-structured questionnaire was utilized for data collection. Total sampling method was used to recruit participants who gave their informed consent. Data was summarized with descriptive statistics.
Results: The response rate was 93.5% (86/92). Sixty (69.8%) study participants agreed that health and medical treatment of animals and humans are closely linked. Out of the 86 participants, 26 (30.2%) disagreed that animals can suffffer from diabetes mellitus, while 16 (18.6%) were undecided. Study participants rated themselves poorly on their knowledge on veterinary courses. For instance, 33 (38.4%) and 43 (50.0%) rated themselves as “very poor” in their counseling and compounding, respectively. Atotal of 45 (52.4%) participants were willing to learn more about veterinary practice in difffferent areas, 6 (7%) compounding of veterinary drugs, 19 (22.1%) pharmacology of veterinary medicines, 11(12.8%) counselling and 9(10.5%) dispensing of veterinary drugs. The others 41(47.6%) signifified they had no interest in learning more about any of the aforementioned areas. Most (56; 65.1%) of the study participants strongly agreed in their perception that veterinary medications should be dispensed by pharmacists and 59 (68.6%) strongly agreed in their perception that collaborations between veterinarians and pharmacists would be benefificial. As much as 46 (53.3%) agreed and 27 (31.4%) strongly agreed that they would consider a special training to perform their roles as veterinary pharmacists.
Conclusions: The knowledge of the participants on veterinary pharmacy practice was good. Study participants displayed good attitude and perception on veterinary pharmacy practice.
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